The principal end markets for refined copper are construction and consumer products, which account for approximately 58% of global copper demand. These are followed by electrical and electronic products, transport and industrial machinery. The price of copper is typically determined by the major metals exchanges – the London Metal Exchange (“LME”), the Commodity Exchange, Inc. (“COMEX”) and the Shanghai Futures Exchange (“SHFE”). The price of copper is affected by supply-demand fundamentals as well as by financial investors. 

ProductionCopper (tonnes)
Los Pelambres 363,200
Centinela  221,100
Michilla 29,400
Antucoya 12,200
Zaldivar 4,400
Total 630,300