The principal end markets for refined copper are construction and consumer products, which account for approximately 58% of global copper demand. These are followed by electrical and electronic products, transport and industrial machinery. The price of copper is typically determined by the major metals exchanges – the London Metal Exchange (“LME”), the Commodity Exchange, Inc. (“COMEX”) and the Shanghai Futures Exchange (“SHFE”). The price of copper is affected by supply-demand fundamentals as well as by financial investors. 

ProductionCopper (tonnes)
  2018
Los Pelambres 357,800
Centinela  248,000
Antucoya 72,200
Zaldivar 47,300
Total 725,300